Brazilian Research and Studies Journal <p>BRaS-J is an interdisciplinary, peer-reviewed scientific journal associated with the Brazilian Research and Studies Center (BRaS). The journal is formed by members of 8 institutions and has an international editorial committee. For more information about the publisher, <a href="">click here</a>.</p> en-US (Brazilian Research and Studies Journal) (Brazilian Research and Studies Journal) Fri, 12 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 The uncertain future of Brazilian democracy Luciana Ballestrin Copyright (c) 2022 Luciana Ballestrin Fri, 12 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on the Issue and Ideological Congruence of Trump and Bolsonaro Administrations <p>Recent political developments and government control actions in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic draw attention to the contrast between the duties of government and the demands of democratic representation. Elected by mobilizing far-right issues, Trump and Bolsonaro moved away from the WHO guidelines but had to accommodate demands on the health and on the social protection system on the one hand and demands from the economic sector on the other. This study used the MARPOR Project method to assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the issue and ideological congruence between the electoral and governmental arena in both the Trump and Bolsonaro Administrations. Findings reveal issue congruence between arenas in "National Way of Life: Positive", "Law and Order," and "Technology and Infrastructure" for Donald Trump, and "Welfare State Expansion" for Bolsonaro. Ideological estimation results show that Trump and Bolsonaro positioned to the right in their presidential elections, initially moved to the center-right. However, welfare policies actions at high frequency during the COVID-19 pandemic moved the ideological estimations of both governments to the center-left, despite their denial rhetoric.</p> Flavio Contrera, Paulo Cesar Gregorio Copyright (c) 2022 Flavio Contrera, Paulo Cesar Gregorio Fri, 12 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Culture Industry in Brazil <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The ‘classic' model of the culture industry, according to Adorno's and Horkheimer's typification in the </span><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">Dialectic of Enlightenment</span></em><span style="font-weight: 400;">, arises in the first decades of the 20th century, based in the appropriation, by the then rising big capital, of technologies of reproducing sounds and images like movies and gramophone with the possibility of broadcasting them, as in the case of radio and TV. According to this model, Brazil was one of the first countries in the world to have an indigenous culture industry, since radio broadcasting began there in the twenties and in the thirties appeared the earliest motion pictures produced in the country. In addition to it, television broadcasting in Brazil began to work as early as in 1950 and had since then an enormous development. As is broadly known, around 1990 culture industry as a whole went through a strong process of modification, due to the overcoming of the analogical technology and prevailing of digital media, on one hand, and as a consequence of the so called globalization, on the other. Also the Brazilian culture industry underwent this situation and the analysis of that process is the very topic of this article.&nbsp;</span></p> Rodrigo Duarte Copyright (c) 2022 Rodrigo Duarte Fri, 12 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Imprint Brazilian Research and Studies Journal Copyright (c) 2022 BRaS Journal BRaS-J Fri, 12 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000