This category will index the articles in the ISSN 2701-4924 of the German National Library

Class inequality in Brazil: the Institute of Applied Economic Research (IPEA) in the crossroads of debates in the 2000s and early 2010s

Whether as a category of social stratification or a subject of collective action, the term “class” has appeared frequently in recent debates about Brazilian political life. The renewed interest in the topic can be traced back to, at least, the first attempts to interpret the experience of upward social mobility by numerically expressive groups of people during the years of the government of the Workers' Party (Portuguese acronym: PT) at the head of the Presidency of the Republic. There was then a diffuse perception that something was changing in the Brazilian class structure, and that, whatever these changes might be, they would affect somehow the forms of the political expression of the social conflict.

By |2021-02-05T18:46:41+01:00November 23rd, 2020|Vol. 1 Num. 2|

Why does local politics matter?

As I grew up in a city with a few thousand inhabitants, in the most populous state of Brazil, I saw the municipal elections as a major event. Perhaps one of the biggest events, in my trifling perception about that small town. My recollection of the local elections is that they mobilized the residents in a similar way to the football championships in the 90s. These were times of “santinhos”, “jingles”, electoral propaganda on the façades of houses, waving flags on street corners in central regions of the city. Also, they were times of re-democratization.

By |2020-12-04T12:24:17+01:00November 30th, 2020|Vol. 1 Num. 2|

Democratic Principle – processes, actors, factors

Probably no experience, not even human construction/fabrication demands so many results compared to democracy. Not even intensive care medicine. In intensive care units, 10% chances of survival mean that out of every hundred people, ten will survive. In a political democracy, the reduction of political goals to 10% of success or implementation implies the loss of a democratic regime 100% of the time. No democracy in the world, in the past or present survives or has survived without clear, satisfactory, and evident results. 

By |2020-12-08T15:24:49+01:00December 7th, 2020|Vol. 1 Num. 2|

The New (myopic) Brazilian National Innovation Policy

On October 28, 2020, decree 10,534 that institutes the Brazilian National Policy for Innovation and provides for its management and governance was published in the official gazette, the official press agency for publicizing the acts of the Brazilian Federal government. This policy intends to promote and foster innovative initiatives in the federal public sector, as well as to ensure cooperation at the state and municipal government levels; and to improve innovation in the private sector through sectoral coordination promoted by specific ministries, related to the government.

By |2020-11-28T16:05:01+01:00December 14th, 2020|Vol. 1 Num. 2|

Care gender relations: the crisis before and during the COVID-19 pandemic

The AK Gender's purpose is to promote research, reflection, and debate about persisting gender-related inequalities, encompassing role stereotypes, and their social impact. The AK Gender aims to favor an interdisciplinary approach; thus, the guest lecturer was Prof. Thiessen, whose research focus is gender-sensitive social work. She is currently the Vice Dean at the Faculty of Social Work from the Hochschule Landshut in Germany. 

By |2020-12-29T22:28:00+01:00December 21st, 2020|Vol. 1 Num. 2|

On the Notion of Charter – The 1988 Brazilian Constitution case

To be or not to be? This dubiousness, uncertainty, and even alienation is an aspect of the social life of Mankind: is it fascism or not? Is it a dictatorship or not? Does it relate to a serious or severe violation of fundamental rights, the denial of social life and dignity - or does it not? Under Politics, in the sense of Polis, however, the law must be incisive to minimize such an outlook. For instance, the Brazilian Constitution of 1988, hereafter referred to as CF88, as a teleological map, must function as a guide, a moral compass, so that public policies are not strangulated.

By |2021-01-14T09:46:33+01:00December 28th, 2020|Vol. 1 Num. 2|

Religion and Curtailed Freedoms: Foreign Policy and Human Rights in the Brazilian Minister’s odd speech to the newly graduated diplomats

The Brazilian Minister of External Relations’ speech at the graduation ceremony of the Rio Branco Institute, Brazil´s diplomatic academy, on October 22, 2020, has been widely commented for the general revulsion it caused. Due criticism was made to the absurdities uttered in abuse of the new diplomat’s graduation patron, the late and beloved poet João Cabral de Melo Neto, together with the Minister´s positive evaluation of Brazil´s becoming an outcast in the international community. Besides having never counted on any remarkable achievement in his career, the strange character who now occupies Baron of Rio Branco’s chair at the Foreign Office, an unknown author of an ignored book, displayed his lack of modesty by declaring himself “a diplomat and poet” like João Cabral, and by stating that he did not see any problem, but virtues only, in Brazil's present diplomatic isolation. While stressing a sui generis distorted conception of freedom, he affirmed that “today´s Brazil speaks of liberty throughout the world”, in order to underline the fact that Jair Bolsonaro and Donald Trump were, perhaps, the only Heads of State who approached that issue at the recent inaugural meeting of the United Nations’ General Assembly.

By |2021-02-05T17:21:29+01:00January 28th, 2021|Vol. 1 Num. 2|

The dogmatic option and the ‘unviability’ of Keynesian economic policy measures in the Bolsonaro government (Part I): The Brazilian economy’s challenges during the pandemic

We have experienced an economic recession since 2015, which was aggravated in the years 2016-2018, and further worsened during the Bolsonaro government, mainly by the arrival and progress of the COVID-19 pandemic. Since the beginning of cases of the new coronavirus in Brazil and, consequently, the implementation of the necessary measures of social isolation (which were relaxed before the required time, according to several statements of infectious diseases doctors), the government did little and did not pay attention to the many proposals that could ensure the reduction and the end of the isolation policy, mitigating the economic impacts for the population in general. With the objective of launching proposals to address the economic impacts of the pandemic, a large group of professors from the Institute of Economics (IE) of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) proposed, on March 17, 2020, several measures, which will be taken as a privileged object of analysis in this text. At the moment, this article intends, by exploring each of these measures, to take them as a guideline for a balance of the recent economic policies of Bolsonaro’s government. In its second part, we also seek to make a brief comparison between the Brazilian pandemic-economic situation and the international scenario, especially the policies carried out by the governments of France, the United States, and Argentina.

By |2021-02-26T14:32:20+01:00February 25th, 2021|Vol. 1 Num. 2|

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This Sliding Bar can be switched on or off in theme options, and can take any widget you throw at it or even fill it with your custom HTML Code. Its perfect for grabbing the attention of your viewers. Choose between 1, 2, 3 or 4 columns, set the background color, widget divider color, activate transparency, a top border or fully disable it on desktop and mobile.
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