The organizational ground of cabinet redesign

Portfolios and presidency in Brazilian coalitional presidentialism

Authors

Keywords:

cabinet, , presidency, , ministers, survival analysis, Brazil

Abstract

This article approaches jointly at portfolios and the presidency in the study of cabinet politics, which brings the organizational features of executive politics into its focus. We analyzed these features focusing on presidential strategies of agency design and the appointment of ministers and presidential advisors. We argue that presidents redesign their cabinets, by either portfolio or the office of the president, to deal with coordination problems of the cabinets. We use a novel dataset to offer empirical evidence that focusing on cabinet redesign offers a more comprehensive picture of presidential strategies for managing cabinets than does a strict analysis of cabinet reshuffling looking only at the entry and exit of ministers. Cabinet redesign alters the organizational base of executive power and redefines the power that the president actually shares with other parties and groups. We analyzed Brazilian presidential cabinets from 1990 to 2022. We first describe the changes in the cabinet units and, after, estimate the cabinet survival of ministers and office holders. We found that presidents alter the make-up of all units of the cabinet, portfolios and the presidency agencies, and resort to reallocation of all ministers and presidential advisors, as needed.

References

Almeida, Acir. 2019. "Do plenário às comissões: mudança institucional na Câmara dos Deputados". Em Presidencialismo de coalizão em movimento. https://www.escavador.com/sobre/3294513/acir-dos-santos-almeida.

Amorim Neto, Octavio. 2006. "The Presidential Calculus". Comparative Political Studies 39 (4): 415–40. https://doi.org/10.1177/0010414005282381.

Amorim Neto, Octavio, Gary W. Cox, e Mathew D. McCubbins. 2003. "Agenda Power in Brazil’s Câmara Dos Deputados, 1989–98". World Politics 55 (4): 550–78. https://doi.org/10.1353/wp.2003.0023.

Andeweg, Rudy B. 2000. "Ministers as Double Agents? The Delegation Process between Cabinet and Ministers". European Journal of Political Research 37 (3): 377–95. https://doi.org/10.1111/1475-6765.00518.

Barbieri, Cristina, e Michelangelo Vercesi. 2013. "The Cabinet: A Viable Definition and its Composition in View of a Comparative Analysis". Government and Opposition 48 (4): 526–47. https://doi.org/10.1017/gov.2013.1.

Batista, Mariana. 2018. "Who Gets What and How Does It Matter? Importance-Weighted Portfolio Allocation and Coalition Support in Brazil". Journal of Politics in Latin America 10 (3): 99–134. https://doi.org/10.1177/1866802X1801000304.

Bertholini, Frederico, e Carlos Pereira. 2017. "Pagando o preço de governar: custos de gerência de coalizão no presidencialismo brasileiro". Revista de Administração Pública 51 (4): 528–50. https://doi.org/10.1590/0034-7612154969.

Camerlo, Marcelo, e Cecília Martinez-Gallardo. 2018. Government Formation and Minister Turnover in Presidential Cabinets. ROUTLEDGE.

Camerlo, Marcelo, e Aníbal Pérez-Liñán. 2015. "The Politics of Minister Retention in Presidential Systems: Technocrats, Partisans, and Government Approval". Comparative Politics 47 (3): 315–33.

CEBRAP - Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisa e Planejamento. 2021. "Banco de Dados Legislativos do CEBRAP". https://bancodedadoslegislativos.com.br/blog.php.

Chaisty, Paul, Nic Cheeseman, e Timothy Power. 2018. Coalitional presidentialism in comparative perspective: minority presidents in multiparty systems. New edition. Osd:ncs, Oxford studies in democratization. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Figueiredo, Argelina, e Fernando Limongi. 1999. "Executivo e legislativo na nova ordem constitucional". Editora FGV. 1999. https://editora.fgv.br/produto/detalhe/2047/executivo-e-legislativo-na-nova-ordem-constitucional.

Freitas, Andréa Marcondes de. 2016. "Unboxing the Active Role of the Legislative Power in Brazil". Brazilian Political Science Review 10 (2). https://doi.org/10.1590/1981-38212016000200004.

Guerra, Rosiene. 2019. "Mudanças intraministeriais e gestão da coalizão: Brasil, de 1990 a 2014 - Opinião Pública Vol. 25, No 3". CESOP - Centro de Estudos de Opinião Pública. 2019. https://www.cesop.unicamp.br/por/opiniao_publica/artigo/637.

Howell, William G. 2003. Power without persuasion: the politics of direct presidential action. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press.

Huber, John D., e Cecilia Martinez-Gallardo. 2008. "Replacing Cabinet Ministers: Patterns of Ministerial Stability in Parliamentary Democracies". American Political Science Review 102 (2): 169–80. https://doi.org/10.1017/S000305540808012X.

Inácio, Magna. 2006. "Entre presidir e coordenar: Presidência e Gabinetes multipartidários no Brasil". Em . Campinas.

Inácio, Magna. 2018. "Centro Presidencial en Brasil". Em Lanzaro, Jorge. (Org.). Centro Presidencial: Presidencias y Centros de Gobierno en América Latina, Estados Unidos y Europa. Madrid.

Inácio, Magna, e Mariana Llanos. 2015. "The Institutional Presidency from a Comparative Perspective: Argentina and Brazil since the 1980s". Brazilian Political Science Review 9 (abril): 39–64. https://doi.org/10.1590/1981-38212014000200002.

Inácio, Magna, e Mariana Llanos. 2016. "The Institutional Presidency in Latin America: A Comparative Analysis". Presidential Studies Quarterly 46 (3): 531–49. https://doi.org/10.1111/psq.12297.

Inácio, Magna, Mariana Llanos, e Bruno Pinheiro. 2022. "Cabinet Reshuffles in Latin America: A Function of Presidential Reputation". Government and Opposition, junho, 1–23. https://doi.org/10.1017/gov.2022.19.

Indridason, Indridi H., e Christopher Kam. 2008. "Cabinet Reshuffles and Ministerial Drift". British Journal of Political Science 38 (4): 621–56. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007123408000318.

Krause, George A. 2009. "Organizational Complexity and Coordination Dilemmas in U.S. Executive Politics". Presidential Studies Quarterly 39 (1): 74–88. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-5705.2008.03659.x.

Kuipers, Sanneke, Kutsal Yesilkagit, e Brendan Carroll. 2021. "Ministerial influence on the machinery of government: insights on the inside". West European Politics 44 (4): 897–920. https://doi.org/10.1080/01402382.2020.1768737.

Lameirão, Camila. 2015. "A Casa Civil e a gestão da coordenação política governamental no presidencialismo de coalizão brasileiro, 1995-2010". Revista Ibero-Americana de Estudos Legislativos 4 (1). https://doi.org/10.12660/riel.v4.n1.2015.49204.

Larsson, Torbjörn. 1993. "The Role and Position of Ministers of Finance". Em Governing Together, editado por Jean Blondel e Ferdinand Müller-Rommel, 207–22. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-349-22936-9_9.

Limongi, Fernando e Figueiredo, Argelina. 2009. "Poder de agenda e políticas substantivas." Em Legislativo Brasileiro em Perspectiva Comparada, 1a., 77–104. Belo Horizonte: Editora UFMG.

Martínez-Gallardo, Cecilia, e Petra Schleiter. 2015. "Choosing Whom to Trust: Agency Risks and Cabinet Partisanship in Presidential Democracies". Comparative Political Studies 48 (2): 231–64. https://doi.org/10.1177/0010414014544361.

Mayer, Kenneth R., e Kevin Price. 2002. "Unilateral Presidential Powers: Significant Executive Orders, 1949-99". Presidential Studies Quarterly 32 (2): 367–86.

Meireles, Fernando. 2019. "A política distributiva da coalizão", fevereiro. https://repositorio.ufmg.br/handle/1843/BUOS-BBHFZ4.

Mejía-Guinand, Luis Bernardo, Felipe Botero, e Angélica Solano. 2018. "Agency Loss and the Strategic Redesign of the Presidential Office in Colombia". Latin American Politics and Society 60 (3): 96–118. https://doi.org/10.1017/lap.2018.26.

Mitchell, David. 2005. "Centralizing Advisory Systems: Presidential Influence and the U.S. Foreign Policy Decision-Making Process". Foreign Policy Analysis 1 (2): 181–206.

Moe, Terry M. 1985. "The Politicized Presidency". Em The New Direction in American Politics. Brookings Institution Press.

Muller, Wolfgang C. e Strom, Kaare. 2003. Coalition Governments in Western Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press, USA.

Praça, Sérgio, Andréa Freitas, e Bruno Hoepers. 2011. "Political Appointments and Coalition Management in Brazil, 2007-2010". Journal of Politics in Latin America 3 (2): 141–72. https://doi.org/10.1177/1866802X1100300205.

Raile, Eric D., Carlos Pereira, e Timothy J. Power. 2011. "The Executive Toolbox: Building Legislative Support in a Multiparty Presidential Regime". Political Research Quarterly 64 (2): 323–34.

Rudalevige, Andrew. 2002. Managing the President’s Program: Presidential Leadership and Legislative Policy Formulation. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press.

Rudalevige, Andrew, e D. Lewis. 2005. "Parsing the Politicized Presidency: Centralization and Politicization as Presidential Strategies for Bureaucratic Control". Em .

Santos, Fabiano Guilherme Mendes. 2003. O poder legislativo no presidencialismo de coalizão. Coleção Origem 16. Belo Horizonte : Rio de Janeiro: Editora UFMG ; IUPERJ.

Sieberer, Ulrich, Thomas M. Meyer, Hanna Bäck, Andrea Ceron, Albert Falcó-Gimeno, Isabelle Guinaudeau, Martin Ejnar Hansen, et al. 2021. "The Political Dynamics of Portfolio Design in European Democracies". British Journal of Political Science 51 (2): 772–87. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007123419000346.

Silva, Thiago N., e Alejandro Medina. 2022. "Policy Monitoring and Ministerial Survival: Evidence from a Multiparty Presidentialism". Legislative Studies Quarterly, janeiro, lsq.12372. https://doi.org/10.1111/lsq.12372.

Thies, Michael F. 2001. "Keeping Tabs on Partners: The Logic of Delegation in Coalition Governments". American Journal of Political Science 45 (3): 580–98. https://doi.org/10.2307/2669240.

Vieira, Marcelo. 2017. "Composição do Gabinete e a Criação de Burocracias Públicas Centralizadas na Presidência da República no Brasil*". Dados 60 (março): 111–44. https://doi.org/10.1590/001152582017116.

Downloads

Published

2022-12-02

How to Cite

1.
Inácio M, Pinheiro B. The organizational ground of cabinet redesign: Portfolios and presidency in Brazilian coalitional presidentialism. BRaS-J [Internet]. 2022Dec.2 [cited 2023Feb.7];1(1):1-26. Available from: https://bras-center.com/brasjournal/index.php/path/article/view/19

Issue

Section

Articles