The concern with national security and the defense of the welfare of citizens by the State is not recent. This security provided by the State cannot be absolute, since if it existed, other States would be in absolute insecurity. This restlessness, present since the formation of the nation-state, continued during the years of the cold war, conceived by the socialist and capitalist blocs, and in the 1990s when it started to move to a regional scope. Security, which was not fundamental to politics during the 1990s, becomes prominent at the beginning of the 21st century, with the 9/11 attack in the United States. How can - and how did - Brazil handle security threats internally?
Income redistribution is essential to reduce economic inequality and, consequently, to reduce food insecurity. In addition, they ensure the maintenance of children and adolescents in school, the effectiveness of childhood illnesses and for the safety of the health of pregnant women. Over the past twenty years, income transfer programs have been developed in Latin America, with emphasis on those created in Brazil, Colombia and Uruguay, serving a total of 68 million people in the three countries. However, the recent change in Brazil to the new Auxílio Brasil program represents a setback in the then consolidated advance of the Bolsa Família Program.
Edited and reviewed by Anna Paula Bennech and Giovanna Imbernon. According to Prof. Dr. Marco Cepik, "Despite such strong evidence of a successful relationship thriving in less than 20 years, assessments and opinions in Brazil regarding China’s role in Latin America tend to vary according to three cleavages: ideology (along the left-right continuum), interests (commodity exporters and national industrial owners), and knowledge (lesser information, worse expectations)."
For the last decades, the Latin-American democracies have combined relative consolidation and institutional stability with extremely unequal societies regarding class, ethnicity, and gender. This text aims to discuss the use of gender in the television campaigns of four women for important Brazilian capitals, in 2020: Cinthia Ribeiro (PSDB), a candidate in Palmas; Joice Hasselmann (PSL), a postulante in São Paulo; Manuela D'ávila (PCDOB), from Porto Alegre; e Marília Arraes (PT), from Recife. When observed together, the construction of political leadership has gone through two main strategies: the first one sought for a way for the candidature to have attention to acceptance within the collective imagination related to gender; the second one, from Joice, tried to show a woman who was different from others, who highlighted the fact of being able to give meaning to the presence of more love, care and sensibility in politics, mobilizing what we call "emotional capital".
This essay seeks to discuss the politicization of bureaucracy. Through a critical literature review, I argue that studies tend to deem politicization a negative characteristic of the bureaucracy. Drawing upon the work of Max Weber, several authors associate politicization to other phenomena, such as patronage and pork-barrel politics. In contrast, I claim politics is inevitable as everyone has views regardless of how little they may be interested in politics. In addition, I point out other relevant problems to understand the challenges Brazilian public service faces. Bearing upon datasets made available by the government and previous studies, I focus on three elements: endogenous inequality, levels of turnover, and recruitment processes. In the end, I claim administrative reforms should focus on these three elements to strengthen the Public Administration and bring more transparency and responsiveness.
From a prominent position in international relations to distrust and outcast, Brazil has been suffering from the current president's deadly lack of governance and leadership capacity. His incompetence and misleading statements slashed Brazil's environmental agenda, and it is isolating the country in a World that needs cooperation to solve global challenges, such as climate change and the Covid-19 pandemic.
Talking with spirits and entities, observing mediums and believers in the subtlety of their behavior, establishing new methodologies, and improvising on research techniques in the heat of uncatalogued rituals. The ethnographic experience ends up imposing itself, and this imposition is all the measure that is needed: it is up to the ethnographer to recognize, contain and locate the moment of interpretation, submitting cabinet wishes the need to let the world around you speak.
Education to overcome the current situation of denial of reality and the obvious, and of humanization itself must be endowed with a critical quality - that is, it must be based on scientificity and analytical capacity of societal involvement: on the economic, social spectrum, political and cultural – which, in turn, implies saying that it must be a broad and permanent education, not shy or buried in the "fields of training and specialization", but rather directed to the social context, that is, Ethics.
Edited and reviewed by Anna Paula Bennech and Giovanna Imbernon. "There is no doubt that internationalization and inter-institutional collaboration are indispensable to breaking the provincialism of some Brazilian intellectuals. However, they will not fulfill this function if they are understood and conducted in a provincial way, dazzled by superficial cosmopolitanism."
Solidarity Selective Waste Collection in Brazil: field of epistemological and social interactions and contribution to a paradigmatic revolution
Solidarity selective waste collection is an area of action that inherently encompasses inter, multi, and transdisciplinarity characterized by a diversity of relationships and objects, bringing at its core the call to propose new perspectives on politics, environment, and society.