In mid-2015, São Paulo students started a movement to occupy public schools in protest of the project to restructure the state school system. Generally speaking, the restructuring consisted of relocating students, especially high school ones, to fight the closure of several teaching units in the state of São Paulo to centralize students in schools appointed by teaching leaders, without considering the places of work and housing of students. The strong pressure from students across the state led the government to repeal the project, ending student actions in the state. The following year the movement spread throughout different Brazilian states with diversified agendas and became known as Secondary Spring
The Charter of the United Nations, drafted in 1945, represents the foundational document of the United Nations (UN) and reaffirms the commitment to defend human rights, including the establishment of gender equality as a fundamental right. However, the promotion of women's rights required an extensive period and various strategies of political engagement with governments and international organizations in different spaces of discussion in the local and global political arena. In this process, gender issues were progressively incorporated into the global human rights agenda, following a specific visibility regime, according to the context and force configurations among the different political actors, with emphasis on the role of women themselves.
Fake news is the vehicle that propagates disinformation to establish social control through the production of information that interests specific groups. Fake news is a valuable asset in the information market, as the logic of market power is perversely associated with the logic of power devices in contemporary society. Fake news producer groups look for ideal profiles on digital social networks for the dissemination of content, ideas, and values allegedly committed to the common good.
Brazilians' love for social networks is not new. Since the times of Orkut, Brazil has been among the most assiduous on the networks, one of the first social networks in the early 2000s, counting 30 million Brazilian users. However, in 2001 Orkut lost its throne to Facebook, which soon built an empire by adding new territories to its domains, Instagram in 2012 and WhatsApp in 2014.